• Greek poet
  • Born 525 BC
  • Died 456 BC

Aeschylus (UK: , ; Greek: Αἰσχύλος Aiskhylos, pronounced [ai̯s.kʰý.los]; c. 525/524 – c. 456/455 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian. He is often described as the father of tragedy. Academics' knowledge of the genre begins with his work, and understanding of earlier tragedies is largely based on inferences from his surviving plays. According to Aristotle, he expanded the number of characters in the theatre and allowed conflict among them; characters previously had interacted only with the chorus.Only seven of his estimated seventy to ninety plays have survived, and there is a long-standing debate regarding his authorship of one of these plays, Prometheus Bound, which some believe his son Euphorion actually wrote.

Who, except the gods, can live time through forever without any pain?

It is in the character of very few men to honor without envy a friend who has prospered.

His resolve is not to seem the bravest, but to be.

In every tyrant's heart there springs in the end this poison, that he cannot trust a friend.

We shall perish by guile just as we slew.

God loves to help him who strives to help himself.

I say you must not win an unjust case by oaths.

For a murderous blow let murderous blow atone.

And one who is just of his own free will shall not lack for happiness; and he will never come to utter ruin.

Married love between man and woman is bigger than oaths guarded by right of nature.

Time brings all things to pass.

What good is it to live a life that brings pains?

Alas for the affairs of men! When they are fortunate you might compare them to a shadow; and if they are unfortunate, a wet sponge with one dash wipes the picture away.

Wisdom comes alone through suffering.

And though all streams flow from a single course to cleanse the blood from polluted hand, they hasten on their course in vain.

Whenever a man makes haste, God too hastens with him.

It is always in season for old men to learn.

Justice turns the scale, bringing to some learning through suffering.

Search well and be wise, nor believe that self-willed pride will ever be better than good counsel.

A god implants in mortal guilt whenever he wants utterly to confound a house.

He who learns must suffer. And even in our sleep pain that cannot forget falls drop by drop upon the heart, and in our own despair, against our will, comes wisdom to us by the awful grace of God.

It is an easy thing for one whose foot is on the outside of calamity to give advice and to rebuke the sufferer.

By polluting clear water with slime you will never find good drinking water.

My friends, whoever has had experience of evils knows how whenever a flood of ills comes upon mortals, a man fears everything; but whenever a divine force cheers on our voyage, then we believe that the same fate will always blow fair.

Death is easier than a wretched life; and better never to have born than to live and fare badly.

It is good even for old men to learn wisdom.

Words are the physicians of a mind diseased.

Whoever is new to power is always harsh.

If you pour oil and vinegar into the same vessel, you would call them not friends but opponents.

Know not to revere human things too much.

I have learned to hate all traitors, and there is no disease that I spit on more than treachery.

From a small seed a mighty trunk may grow.

Everyone's quick to blame the alien.

Bronze in the mirror of the form, wine of the mind.

Unions in wedlock are perverted by the victory of shameless passion that masters the female among men and beasts.

For children preserve the fame of a man after his death.