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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

  • Indian statesman
  • Born October 15, 1931
  • Died July 27, 2015

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( (listen); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts.


We should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us.




Over the years, I had nurtured the hope to be able to fly; to handle a machine as it rose higher and higher in the stratosphere was my dearest dream.




Measuring nuclear yield depends on multiple parameters - the location and number of instruments, the geology of the area, the location of the seismic station in relation to the test site.




God, our Creator, has stored within our minds and personalities, great potential strength and ability. Prayer helps us tap and develop these powers.




I have met 18 million youth, and each wants to be unique.




Do we not realize that self respect comes with self reliance?




When I took over as president, I studied the Constitution, and the more I studied it, the more I realised that it does not prevent the president of India from giving the nation a vision. So when I went and presented this vision in Parliament and in legislative assemblies; everyone welcomed it, irrespective of party affiliations.




Tell me, why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognise our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why?

Tell me, why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognise our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why?




While children are struggling to be unique, the world around them is trying all means to make them look like everybody else.




One lesson that every nation can learn from China is to focus more on creating village-level enterprises, quality health services and educational facilities.




If we are not free, no one will respect us.




For me, there are two types of people: the young and the experienced.




For me, there is no such thing as a negative experience.




Regarding marriage, it - somehow, it didn't happen. One fellow in such a big family not getting married is not an issue.




Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? Is it a legacy of our colonial years? We want foreign television sets. We want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported?




The Bay of Bengal is hit frequently by cyclones. The months of November and May, in particular, are dangerous in this regard.




Medical costs are of concern, both in developing and developed countries.




In India we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime.




India should walk on her own shadow - we must have our own development model.




If you want to shine like a sun, first burn like a sun.




Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. In this world, fear has no place. Only strength respects strength.




New markets could be created by rural potentials, which could lead to rise in the employment.




Those who cannot work with their hearts achieve but a hollow, half-hearted success that breeds bitterness all around.




We must get rid of fossil fuels by developing injection systems for automobiles, which can run on bio-fuel.




Small aim is a crime.




The youth need to be enabled to become job generators from job seekers.




You see, God helps only people who work hard. That principle is very clear.




India has to be transformed into a developed nation, a prosperous nation and a healthy nation, with a value system.




Small aim is a crime; have great aim.




Look at the sky. We are not alone. The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work.




A teacher should have a creative mind.




All wars signify the failure of conflict resolution mechanisms, and they need post-war rebuilding of faith, trust and confidence.




Let me define a leader. He must have vision and passion and not be afraid of any problem. Instead, he should know how to defeat it. Most importantly, he must work with integrity.




There are a number of women who have brought about immense change in society.




I'm not an expert on the arms race.




Creativity is the key to success in the future, and primary education is where teachers can bring creativity in children at that level.



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