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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

  • Indian statesman
  • Born October 15, 1931
  • Died July 27, 2015

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( (listen); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts.


If four things are followed - having a great aim, acquiring knowledge, hard work, and perseverance - then anything can be achieved.




The purpose of education is to make good human beings with skill and expertise... Enlightened human beings can be created by teachers.




Where do the evils like corruption arise from? It comes from the never-ending greed. The fight for corruption-free ethical society will have to be fought against this greed and replace it with 'what can I give' spirit.




Life is a difficult game. You can win it only by retaining your birthright to be a person.




English is necessary as at present original works of science are in English. I believe that in two decades times original works of science will start coming out in our languages. Then we can move over like the Japanese.




We have not invaded anyone. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way of life on them.




Man needs his difficulties because they are necessary to enjoy success.




Building capacity dissolves differences. It irons out inequalities.




No religion has mandated killing others as a requirement for its sustenance or promotion.




Never stop fighting until you arrive at your destined place - that is, the unique you. Have an aim in life, continuously acquire knowledge, work hard, and have perseverance to realise the great life.




There is not enough funding for basic sciences in India. We have to invest in a big way, and I am pushing that idea.




As a child of God, I am greater than anything that can happen to me.




Science is global. Einstein's equation, E=mc2, has to reach everywhere. Science is a beautiful gift to humanity, we should not distort it. Science does not differentiate between multiple races.




When we tackle obstacles, we find hidden reserves of courage and resilience we did not know we had. And it is only when we are faced with failure do we realise that these resources were always there within us. We only need to find them and move on with our lives.




Science has revealed that the human body is made up of millions and millions of atoms... For example, I am made up of 5.8x10 27 atoms.




Real education enhances the dignity of a human being and increases his or her self-respect. If only the real sense of education could be realized by each individual and carried forward in every field of human activity, the world will be so much a better place to live in.




No sanction can stand against ignited minds.




Poetry comes from the highest happiness or the deepest sorrow.




Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.




The world has today 546 nuclear plants generating electricity. Their experience is being continuously researched, and feedback should be provided to all. Nuclear scientists have to interact with the people of the nation, and academic institutions continuously update nuclear power generation technology and safety.




When grand plans for scientific and defence technologies are made, do the people in power think about the sacrifices the people in the laboratories and fields have to make?




When you look at the light bulb above you, you remember Thomas Alva Edison. When the telephone bell rings, you remember Alexander Graham Bell. Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize. When you see the blue sky, you think of Sir C.V. Raman.




In a democracy, the well-being, individuality and happiness of every citizen is important for the overall prosperity, peace and happiness of the nation.




The President's post should not be politicised. Once a president is elected, he is above politics.




I love the sea.




My message, especially to young people is to have courage to think differently, courage to invent, to travel the unexplored path, courage to discover the impossible and to conquer the problems and succeed. These are great qualities that they must work towards. This is my message to the young people.




Great teachers emanate out of knowledge, passion and compassion.




My 2020 Vision for India is to transform it into a developed nation. That cannot be abstract; it is a lifeline.




For success of any mission, it is necessary to have creative leadership. Creative leadership is vital for government, non-governmental organisations as well as for industries.




To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal.




The bird is powered by its own life and by its motivation.




For 2,500 years, India has never invaded anybody.




It's when children are 15, 16 or 17 that they decide whether they want to be a doctor, an engineer, a politician or go to the Mars or moon. That is the time they start having a dream, and that's the time you can work on them. You can help them shape their dreams.

It's when children are 15, 16 or 17 that they decide whether they want to be a doctor, an engineer, a politician or go to the Mars or moon. That is the time they start having a dream, and that's the time you can work on them. You can help them shape their dreams.




How accurately can the law fix the crime? There has to be a mechanism for very fast action. The law is like this: catch them and punish them.




Every nation has to follow a certain policy: Commercial, trade, various other types of policies.




Today, India is a nuclear weapons state.



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