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Grace Hopper

  • American scientist
  • Born December 9, 1906
  • Died January 1, 1992

Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (née Murray; December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first compiler related tools. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper attained a Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University and was a professor of mathematics at Vassar College.


No computer is ever going to ask a new, reasonable question. It takes trained people to do that.




It is often easier to ask for forgiveness than to ask for permission.

It is often easier to ask for forgiveness than to ask for permission.




I handed my passport to the immigration officer, and he looked at it and looked at me and said, 'What are you?'




A ship in port is safe, but that's not what ships are built for.

A ship in port is safe, but that's not what ships are built for.




If it's a good idea, go ahead and do it. It's much easier to apologize than it is to get permission.



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