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Grace Hopper

  • American scientist
  • Born December 9, 1906
  • Died January 1, 1992

Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (née Murray December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first linkers. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper earned a Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University and was a professor of mathematics at Vassar College.


No computer is ever going to ask a new, reasonable question. It takes trained people to do that.




It is often easier to ask for forgiveness than to ask for permission.




I handed my passport to the immigration officer, and he looked at it and looked at me and said, 'What are you?'




A ship in port is safe, but that's not what ships are built for.




If it's a good idea, go ahead and do it. It's much easier to apologize than it is to get permission.



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