Albert Camus (; French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second youngest recipient in history. Camus was born in Algeria from poor French parents, he was a pied-noir He spent his childhood in a poor neighbourhood and later he studied philosophy at University of Algiers. He was in Paris when Germans invaded France. Camus tried to flee but finally joined the Resistance where he served as editor-in-chief at Combat, an outlawed newspaper.